The “Cotton Castle” (as per the meaning of “Pamukkale” in Turkish) is a white cascade of chalk containing water which formed stalactites, basins and terraces. The water is renowned for its healing qualities for eye and skin diseases, for softening rheumatisms, asthma and dermatitis crisis. In the “Ozel Idare Motel” (just next to the museum) the water, a kind of soda, has formed a pool around a collapsed temple. Pamukkale is on the list of the UNESCO World Heritages.
The antique city of Hierapolis was founded by the Pergamum kind around 190BC as a “border” for military colonies during the expansion of his kingdom and name after the goddess “Hera”.
During the conquest by the Romans in 129BC, its name was wrongly interpreted as “Holy Town” which explains the building of numerous temples. The city knew its apogee as a spa center during the 2nd century AD.
As Hierapolis had always been a very cosmopolite town, very early it had its Christian community. This explains why Hierapolis/Pamukkale is often considered and visited as one of the Seven Churches of the Book of Revelation where the actual Church is Laodikea at about 20km from Pamukkale. The archaeological site of Laodikea is currently being excavated by the University of Pamukkale and daily new artefacts are being brought to light.