Kos, birthplace of Hippocrates, father of medicine, looks like a huge garden on the water.
The Asklepieion (from the Greek name of Hippocrates, Asklipios) became famous as the leading “health center” of antiquity. It lies south of Kalymnos and was first inhabited in the Neolithic era.
The capital, Kos, is situated in a green district on the north-east of the island, at the back of an open bay. Around the port you can still see the ruins of the ancient city and the castle, built between 1450 and 1478 after the Knights of St. John colonized the island.
Excavations in the ancient city brought to light building foundations of the Classical, Hellenistic and Roman eras. The rest of the town is modern and well-laid out, with contemporary buildings, hotels and avenues lined with palm trees.
In a lush area 4 kilometers west of town, you can see the Asklepieion or Sanctuary of Asklepios. Its buildings on the slope of the site, stand on four different terraces and a marble staircase. The view from the highest one is stunning.
Among the highlights of the island are the Antique Agora, Nafklirou : bar street, Castle of the Knights, Archaeological Museum, Roman Ruins, Asklepieion, Tiggaki, Kamari, Alikés Tuzlasi, Palaio Pyli, Kardamaina village, Antimakheia windmills and the Astipalaia Ruins.