Çanakkale, a small provincial town, owes its interests not only as the last city on the Straight of the Dardanelles and thus a ferry route between Europe and Asia but also for its famous historical sites.
This archaeological site, discovered by Schliemann in 1870, owes its celebrity as it was the scene of the epic poem Iliada and Odyssey by Homeros, one of the most famous poets of the antique world : the Troyan War. It has been identified that this city was founded in the year 3000 BC and existed until 400 AD. The remains of a city comprise 9 historical layers.
One of the main objectives for the ANZAC soldiers during the 1915-1916 campaign was to capture the hill at Chunuk Bair, the second highest point in the area offering views of both the Aegean sea to the West and the Dardenelles straight to the east thus a strategically important point for the allies. The hill was captured once on August 8th by NZ troops yet lost again on the 10th. The hill is now the sight of the Chunuk bair cemetery and Chunuk Bair New Zealand memorial which bears the names of 850 men thought to have died there.
The Southern site was created after the armistice and holds the casualties of the Battle of Gully Ravine that took place between June and July 1915. The casualties were mainly British. Today there are both a British and a New Zealand memorial on the site with 2,226 unknown graves.